excerpts from an article by Donald Studinski*
"You hear repeatedly that the decline of the honeybee population is the result of a complex set of factors. For example, in this report, our government tries to explain how the issue is just too difficult to understand." ~ Donald Studinski
"....a fairly simple take away (from Studinski's article): We are rewarding chemical companies with tremendous wealth for covering our planet in poison, and the honeybees are warning us that something terribly wrong is taking place in our environment."
By their very nature, they are prophylactic. Don Studinski explains, "That means they’re used to prevent the pest problem in advance, rather than taking the IPM approach. I say this because in many cases it’s used as seed coating—not to treat a pest problem but to make sure the plant is poison to any pest before it even grows. Systemic poisons are also very long-lived. The aerobic half-life of imidacloprid is 997 days. That’s nearly three years before it metabolizes into half as much poison. And because the poison is water soluble, it travels well. Any contaminated soil will in turn contaminate the plants growing in that soil. This includes not just weeds, but also food crops." [source]
About Don Studinski
Don Studinski, dba Honeybee Keep, is a permaculture enthusiast and member of the board of directors at Living Systems Institute (LSI) where he applies permaculture philosophy to beekeeping. Honeybee Keep manages Colorado's first Certified Naturally Grown (CNG) apiaries: LSI in Golden and Cottonwood Farm in Boulder. As a beekeeping mentor, Don provides advice and counsel for students throughout the United States, teaches classes and performs public speaking events. He writes extensively about beekeeping on his own website and for a variety of others, including Bee Culture magazine, Peak Prosperity and Honeybee Haven.